I work for an organization that does a small amount of business with the federal government. We had an opening for a a technical position that pays in the $70,000-$75,000 salary range. It requires specialized skills and experience. We advertised the position and got two applicants. One of them was ideally suited for the job, but we couldn't hire him because our applicant "pool wasn't diverse." You see, if you accept federal money, you must have at least one minority candidate for every job search (even if that position is unrelated to the government funding).
So, this guy didn't get a job and we didn't get an employee. Human Resources has indicated we must re-open the search, which we will do with little hope of getting a "diverse pool" of applicants. We are being encouraged to recruit a minority candidate. Essentially, that means to get a minority who either is or isn't qualified for the job to participate in the search so we can check a box on a federal form.